We see many types of motorcycles out there on the road, different types of motorcycles are built for different purposes and every bike fall under a certain bike category. It’s not difficult to visually differentiate a motorcycle from the other but for those who don’t know which motorcycle falls under which motorbike category, here’s a brief guide for you, after reading this article, you will be able to differentiate clearly between different types of motorcycles, and this article will also serve you as a motorcycle buying guide.
The 9 Different Types of Motorcycles are-
Standard Bikes/Naked Bikes.
Standard Motorcycles, also known as naked motorcycles or roadsters are the most common motorcycles seen on the road as these types of motorcycles are the best beginner bikes. They are general purpose motorcycles which are recommended for beginners.
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FZ16, Suzuki Gixxer, Bajaj Dominar, KTM Duke, Kawasaki Z650, Triumph Street Triple and Kawasaki z900 are some example of naked standard bikes. These bikes are designed for daily commuting, therefore, the ergonomics are upright making the rider feel comfortable in the saddle.
Sports bikes are another common types of motorcycles seen on the road. These Bikes are more inclined towards performance, acceleration, top-speed and superior braking. Most of the sports bike comes with a fairing enclosing the engine. These bikes are made to be ridden on the tracks but are widely used on the streets also.
These kinds of bikes require a certain level of fitness as they are not the most comfortable ones when it comes to spending long hours in the saddle. Generally, these motorcycles are optimized for top speed and the power kicks in at higher RPMs in the rev-range. Yamaha R15 V3, Kawasaki Ninja 400, KTM RC 390, Triumph Daytona, Yamaha R1 and Ninja ZX10R are some of the popular sports bikes in India.
A cruiser has plenty of low-end torque for easy rideability. Cruiser bikes are meant for enjoying the ride, the seats of a cruiser are big and wide and the ergonomics are upright so that riders can munch miles more comfortably. The engine on cruisers are larger in cubic capacity but are more tuned for torque than horsepower.
Cruisers generally offer more room for customization than any other category of motorcycles. They have a solid build and allows the rider to carry saddle bags and cruise at a steady pace. Some of the most popular cruiser bikes in India are, Bajaj Avenger 150 and Avenger 220, Royal Enfield Thunderbird, Harley Davidson Street rod, and Harley David iron 883
Touring Motorcycles are another type of motorcycles that are built to make you cover long distances. These motorcycles have a large displacement engine along with a large fuel tank to make sure that nothing comes between the rider and his longing for going long distances. They also get ample of bodywork like bigger windshields and fairings to protect the rider from harsh weather conditions.
These bikes enjoy supreme road presence because of the way they look. Luxury features like music system, seat warmer, traction control, cruise control, ABS, electronically adjustable suspension etc are found on most of them. Luggage is never a problem when it comes to such bikes, they can store ample of luggage along with the helmets. The best touring bikes in India are Honda Goldwing, Indian Roadmaster, Harley Davidson Road King, BMW K1600.
Adventure Motorcycles also known as ADV motorcycles are machines that are born to take everything you throw at it. Mostly, these bikes are dual purpose, meant for both highway cruising and off-roading. If you like to get lost in the wild, this is the motorcycle for you. Adventure touring bikes are gaining popularity these days because of their dynamic nature.
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These bikes come with a long travel suspension, which can soak up every bump when on the beaten path. These motorcycles allow riders to stand up and ride easily so that they can transfer their body weight on uneven and broken roads. Some of the best adventure bikes in India are Kawasaki Versys 650, Triumph Tiger 800, Honda Africa Twin and BMW 1200 GS adventure.
Thinking about touring at sports bike speed? Yes, there are motorcycles that can facilitate your need for going fast and still keep you comfortable as you leave the kilometres behind. Sports Tourers provide hyper riding experience and generally carry sports bike spec, custom tuned for touring. These types of Motorcycles are generally lighter than Adventure Touring Motorcycles.
These bikes deliver their power gradually in a smooth manner and have ample of torque for overtaking other vehicles. These bikes have excellent long distance capabilities. Kawasaki ZX 14r, Suzuki Hayabusa are some of the well-known sports touring missiles.
Scramblers were motorcycles designed to be raced for a short distance on any type of terrain, be it on a pavement-ed road or a muddy off-road trail. Today these bikes have become an everyday motorcycle. These bikes have all the unnecessary details removed and generally have a long travel suspension with dual purpose tyres.
The exhaust on scramblers is lifted from the bottom to allow better ground clearance off roads. Scramblers were born in 1920 in England but their demand in India is very limited as of now. A few well-known scrambler bikes in India are – Ducati Scrambler Icon and Triumph Street Scrambler.
Cafe racers are bikes which were which were earlier used to zip from one cafe to the another, from where they got their name. A typical cafe racer has clip-on bars along with minimalist design. Cafe racers are lightweight and look handsome.
The cafe racer market has grown in India after the launch of Royal Enfield Continental GT 550 which now has a predecessor to be launched in 2018 a 650 cc variant. Other cafe racers available in India are, Triumph Thruxton R and the Ducati scrambler cafe racer.
The last types of motorcycles on our list is Custom Choppers. Choppers are custom made bikes which allow ample of modifications according to the rider’s need, they are mostly built (chopped) down from an original motorcycle. Handlebars on these kinds of bikes are raised very high and they sport a fat rear tyre MOSTLY.
These bikes are expensive and made to achieve a certain look rather than performance and practicality. Recently, Avantura choppers have launched two custom bikes in India. While there are many custom modification groups that make choppers in India.